In India, Type 2 Diabetes is overwhelmingly increasing and for this, we need to thank the poor lifestyle and excessive intake of unhealthy foods. Moreover, conditions like overweight, obesity and PCOS have paved for Type 2 Diabetes. But unsurprisingly, diet is the only way to tackle this condition.
Overweight and obese individuals who have Type 2 Diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) must follow a healthy and well-balanced diet to lose weight and improve glycemic control.
This study was carried out for 12-weeks, to determine the effectiveness of the diet plans suggested by Truweight with respect to weight loss and glycemic control in NIDDM individuals who are overweight and obese.
The study, conducted by Truweight Wellness, Hyderabad, comprised of 34 female and 21 male participants. These participants were obese or overweight NIDDM individuals aged between 24 and 26 years. The participants were chosen using the purposive sampling technique.
During the study, initial weight, fasting and postprandial blood sugar levels were taken. The study was focused on bringing down the weight of obese individuals and reducing their blood sugar levels through a healthy diet.
The participants were given complex carbohydrates, fibre, protein and omega-3 rich foods. Functional foods such as fenugreek, cinnamon, karela, basil seeds and psyllium husk were also added in the diet to have better glycaemic control. During this 12-week, the participants were given various diets for weight loss and diabetes.
After the 12-weeks, fasting and postprandial sugar levels, and total weight loss were recorded. The results were analysed and compared with the initial figures.
Results and conclusion
After the 12-weeks diet intervention, participants experienced a significant weight reduction (6%). The initial mean fasting glucose level from 133 to 101mg/dl and mean postprandial sugar levels fell from 181 to 132mg/dl. The study predicts that weight loss seems to have influenced the postprandial sugar levels.
The study concluded that the diet program prescribed by Truweight has significantly reduced the body weight, fasting and postprandial sugar levels in NIDDM individuals. It has also improved glycaemic control in NIDDM individuals.