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Thyroid Diet Chart: 5 Foods for Hypothyroidism Diet Plan

The underactive thyroid diet is a topic that is up for a lot of discussions! But prior to rushing for the thyroid diet plan, it is of utmost importance to know about hypothyroidism.

According to studies, the prevalence of hypothyroidism, the condition where the thyroid gland becomes underactive, in India is 11%, compared while only 2% in the UK and 4·6% in the USA.  

Although incurable, hypothyroidism or thyroid issue as a whole is found to be manageable with the right balanced-diet and lifestyle changes.

Table of Contents

The thyroid diet plan basically forbids the inclusion of certain cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, turnip.

If you are suffering from hypothyroidism and wondering what foods are safe to consume and include as a part of thyroid diet plan towards effective treatment of hypothyroidism treatment; then this FREE Truweight Nutritionist Consultation on thyroid treatment is just for you! 

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Goitrogens and their Effects on Hypothyroidism Treatment

A ‘Goitrogen’ is a term used to describe substances that interfere with the thyroid gland function. Goitrogens can be from different origins like drugs, chemicals or even food.

These substances block the uptake of iodine by the thyroid gland and disrupt the thyroid hormone production.

Since iodine is an essential nutrient in the synthesis of thyroid hormone, many believe that eating foods that contain goitrogens can inhibit thyroid function leading to underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism.

These foods can further aggravate the symptoms of thyroid deficiency. One of the major symptoms of poor thyroid function is weight gain. This blog of ours explains the inter-relationship of thyroid and weight loss in great detail.

Foods to be included in the Thyroid Diet Food Chart

Although we can’t say about a permanent cure for hypothyroidism, however, the right diet can help manage the disease better.

So here we come up with foods that needed to be included and the foods to be avoided in a diet for the hypothyroid patient.

5 Recommended Super Foods for a Hypothyroid Diet

  • Fish and seafood 
  • Nuts
  • Whole grain foods
  • Fresh fruits and vegetables 
  • Dairy products

Know more about the above foods in the video below

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5 Foods to Avoid while following a Hypothyroid Diet

Here is the list of foods to avoid while following a thyroid diet chart.

Remember that while following a thyroid diet chart, the foods to be avoided are as important as the foods that are recommended. So go through this list and keep them away for the sake of your thyroid gland.

1. Gluten

Avoid Gluten Foods
Avoid Gluten Foods

Gluten is a protein that is found in wheat, barley, oats, and their food products.

The main drawback of consuming gluten by hypothyroid people is that it hampers the gut system and causes body inflammation.

This affects the immune system and makes the immune system attack the body’s own thyroid. This readily enhances hypothyroidism.

A study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, it was seen that gluten withdrawal helped in improving thyroid complications [1]

2. Processed Foods

foods to avoid in thyroid diet
Processed Foods

Processed foods can be the villains in hypothyroidism. However, that doesn’t mean they are good otherwise. We might think that increasing the salt intake can better the iodine condition of hypothyroidism.

But that isn’t true. Firstly, the salt content of processed foods is very high and that salt does not necessarily contain iodine.

In fact, it has been revealed that in case of excess of iodine also, the thyroid’s activity is restricted due to mechanisms like the production of cytokines that inhibits thyroid function or inclusion of iodine molecule in protein chain of thyroglobulin, that inhibits thyroid’s normal functioning [2].

Moreover, the processed foods that contain added sugar inhibits the conversion of T4 to T3, which isn’t good for hypothyroidism.

3. Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables for Hypothyroidism

Cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, turnip, bok choy, mustard greens, and watercress contain a substance called ‘thiocyanate’ that in very high concentrations can interfere with iodine absorption.

Hence, physicians advise against them as a part of a planned diet for hypothyroidism. Hence a thyroid diet plan should clearly concentrate on the levels of intake.


For a normal individual with normal thyroid hormone levels eating cruciferous vegetables has far more health benefits than the potential risk to worsen thyroid function.

Eating these foods in normal amounts in the cooked form should be continued. One must avoid believing the myth to avoid all cruciferous vegetables to promote thyroid health.  

Too much consumption of raw cruciferous vegetables can have an adverse effect in individuals with iodine deficiency or those with hypothyroidism. 

4. Coffee

Coffee may inhibit thyroid medications
Coffee may inhibit thyroid medications

Excluding coffee in a hypothyroidism diet may be crucial because there is evidence about coffee inhibiting the absorption of hypothyroid medications [3]

So avoiding coffee, especially before taking thyroid medications is nutritionist recommended.

5. Alcohol

Drinks to Avoid in Thyroid
Avoid Alcohol in Thyroid Diet

Alcohol should be avoided in a diet for thyroid patient. It has been scientifically proven that Alcohol suppresses the functioning of thyroid gland. Moreover, Alcohol causes cellular toxicity [4].

It has been reported by The University of Maryland and Medical Center that reducing or avoiding alcohol can significantly reduce hypothyroidism symptoms.

For an individual suffering from hypothyroidism, consumption of usual amounts of these foods only minimally raises the risk of worsening the symptoms of the thyroid.

Did you know?

Processed soy products could be restricted in a diet for hypothyroidism. Instead, fermented soy like tofu or miso can be incorporated in moderation.

Millets are rich in many nutrients and phytochemicals and can be incorporated into the daily diet in moderation. Millets were observed to impact thyroid function only when these were consumed as the staple food in large quantities.

Using iodized salt regularly and including iodine-rich seafood can help to provide the required iodine for thyroid function.

HypoThyroid Diet Chart from our Nutritionist, based on Truweight’s products

Truweight's Hypo Thyroid Diet Chart
Truweight’s HypoThyroid Diet Chart

The Bottom Line

Thyroid problems
Screen for thyroid problems

The above article will give you an insight into what foods to include and avoid but the diet plan should include all food groups. This will help you in an efficient supply of nutrients with better management of the disorder.

1. What are the common causes of Hypothyroidism?

A. The most common hypothyroidism causes are:

  • Insufficient Iodine.
  • Afterbirth hypothyroidism in women.
  • Wrong Medication and Drugs
  • Due to an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
  • It can also be caused by Virus.
2. What are the symptoms of Hypothyroidism?

A. Fatigue, weakness, cold, excess weight gain, constipation, dry skin, muscle weakness, puffy face, elevated levels of blood cholesterol, tenderness in the muscles are common symptoms of thyroid.

3. What are the Sources of Hypothyroidism or Diet?

A. Understanding the sources of thyroid is important for immediate control of hypothyroidism.

4.  What foods to include in the hypothyroid diet chart?

A. Priya (one of our expert nutritionists) recommends the inclusion of mixed nuts, brown bread, fruit bowl, brown rice, multi grain roti, mint jeera buttermilk, cucumber carrot juice, green tea, ginger tea, low fat milk with turmeric, in the diet chart for hypothyroidism.

Inspiring Story of a Truweight Client with Hypothyroidism

Also Read: Simple exercises for thyroid problems!

Suhasini M
Suhasini Mudraganam

Submitted By, 
Suhasini Mudraganam
Chief Nutritionist, Truweight

Suhasini Mudraganam is a leading food scientist who was instrumental in designing the Truweight Food plan. She has done her MS in Nutrition from University of Missouri, USA and has over 14 years of global experience.

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  1. Emma Wain says

    I am 35 and just been diagnosed with a overactive thyroid can i eat cheesecake biscuits and chocolate at all I can not live on cereal and salad alone

    1. shama says

      Hi Emma, For any health codition, you need to follow a diet suitable for that so that the disease symptoms will be reduced. For giving you a diet plan, need a lab report, based on that you will be given a customised diet plan from Truweight. NO worries, you can have cheese cakes biscuits and cookies These can be included in the diet plan. For more information, please send us your contact details or call us on 1800-102-1255 Our representative will get in touch with you and explain everything.

  2. Kourtney says

    WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for fast

    1. netravati says

      Thanks for writing to us, do keep following us.

  3. Arvind Yadav says

    Very informative post, well explained that what diet is good for Thyroid Patients.
    If you suspect your thyroids not functioning properly, check with your healthcare provider. Support your thyroid and overall health with these foods.

    1. netravati says

      Thank you for your valuable feedback. Keep reading our articles.

  4. jayarathna gk says

    well, thanks for sharing information

    1. netravati says

      Thank you for your feedback.

  5. jayarathna gk says

    i am 47 years female
    my height 5 ft and weight
    my rbs count is 155
    and my tsh level is 10, t3 , t4 normal.
    please suggest balanced diet.

    1. netravati says

      Hi Jayarathna, For know more about balanced diet here

  6. Shivani says


    Could u please provide a detailed diet plan for hypo thyroid. ( I eat non veg)

    1. netravati says

      Hi Shivani To know more about diet plan for hypo-thyroid here

  7. anu says

    Hi I am Anu iam patient of thyroid my weight of 72kg plz tell me weight loss diet plan

    1. Mehnaz Farooque says

      Hi Anu,

      We are glad that you have reached out to us, however, without information about your BMI and thyroid medicine dosage, we can’t really suggest you a generic diet plan. In Truweight, we give diet plans based on the client’s BMI, and medicine dosage. Truweight is a food-based healthcare company where you will get nutritionally dense superfoods, customised diet plans and personal nutritionist’s counselling who will go through your body composition analysis thoroughly before suggesting any diet. For detailed assistance, you can reach us at 08045450037, to get expert nutritionist consultation.

  8. RS says


    I am diabetic for past 15 years and planning to shift millet diet for atleast one year as i need to undergo dental treatment to avoid the risk of implant failure associated with diabetis. Is it safe to consume millets daily without any side effects like hypothyroid problems ( i presently dont have any thyroid problems) and which ones you suggest Pls guide

    1. shama says

      Hi, you can eat millets as part of the balanced diet. Millets have many health benefits and add to the diversity of the meals. Make sure to eat enough iodine rich foods and use iodized salt while cooking. Millets can add to the thyroid problem only in individuals with iodine deficiency. As mentioned, goitrogens in millets are deactivated when cooked or processed.

  9. Samaira Khatri says

    I am a 34 year old female, diagnosed 2 plus years ago with hypothyroidism. I am taking medicine for 1 years or more. I am not your usual hypothyroid patient. I am less than 95 lb., and my energy varies day to day with vitamin supplement. After a brief stint with gall bladder removal, the practitioners told me conflicting results of my thyroid tests.Please suggest me diet …

    1. shama says

      Hi Samaira, To prescribe you a diet, we need your lab reports. If you want to know about healthy weight loss, Please reach us on 1800-102-1255

  10. Neha Agarwal says

    I have hypothyroidism since last 3 years. I have been taking Thyronorm 100 mcg since then. My levels had dropped down to 0.4 …but then i got married and it increased to 8. I had also reduced my medicine dosage to 75 mcg. Now again i m taking 100 mcg. I want to know if i can take almonds, walnuts, figs . Should i b avoiding wheat rotis? Can i take sprouts ? Also please guide me with some diet chart wrto the same.

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Neha,

      For hypothyroid, you need to check your Thyroid profile in every 3 to 6 months and correct the medication dosage discussing with your physician. A diet plan for hypothyroid is given in this blog. You can also go through some exercises for hypothyroidism in the video here Remember that for a disorder like Hypothyroidism, following the right diet and making a few lifestyle modifications are very necessary.

  11. reena says


    I m a thyroid patient and trying for weight loss . I have replaced wheat by millet in my meal since a month. Suddenly from few days i have pain in my breasts. Cud it be possible because of millet?

    Please help

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Reena,

      Consumption of millets should not be a cause pf pain in the breast. Also, we would advise you to consult a physician to know the reason behind the occurrence of your breast pain. Don’t delay or ignore such pains.

  12. nabiha says

    I m taking mdcns regularly of hypothyroid since 1 year but.. my weight doesn’t loss it importnt to change my diet while i m taking the mdcns regularly?

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Nabiha,
      If you are hypothyroid and overweight and also on hypothyroid medication, you need to follow a diet based on hypothyroid condition, for managing the same as well as losing weight. To know more about what diet is good for thyroid patients you can always reach us at 08064514959. Our representative will get in touch with you ASAP.

  13. satwik says

    i have normal T3,T4 values but but my T.S.H value is high doctor gave me 25mg thyroid tablets can you please suggest me the diet

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Satwik,
      A sample diet chart incorporating Truweight super foods is given in the blog. This diet is good for Thyroid patients and is prepared by our Nutritionist. You can check out Truweight’s superfood products here To get in touch with us and avail a FREE consultation, you can visit here You can also reach us at 08064514959, our representative will get in touch with you ASAP.

  14. Dimple says

    Hi Shilpa,

    I wanted to know that I am suffering from thyroid since 3 yrs, n m taking medication thyronorm 50mg, n m losing my weight so do I suffer from hypothyroid or hyperthyroid?

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Dimple,
      Please take a thyroid function test and meet a physician with reports. Weight loss can be due to multiple reasons so consulting a physician is advisable.

  15. Rina Panda says

    Hi there’
    I have tsh high, however with thyroxine 100 it’s under control, I use amaranth millet and sorghum, pearl every day part of my two major meals and avoid wheat, is this alright?

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Rina,
      Yes, you can eat millets as part of the balanced diet. Millets have many health benefits and add to the diversity of the meals. Make sure to eat enough iodine rich foods and use iodized salt while cooking. Millets can add to the thyroid problem only in individuals with iodine deficiency. As mentioned, goitrogens in millets are deactivated when cooked or processed. Have them in moderation as part of a balanced meal.

  16. Shilpa says


    I’ve hypothyroidism but no iodine deficiency. Can ive millets as part of my 2 meals everyday or should i reduce the intake. I’m under medication for thyroid and levels are under control. Please advise.


    1. Shobha Shastry says

      Hi Shilpa,

      You can have millets if your iodine levels and thyroid hormone levels are normal. Try and incorporate different grains and millets into your meals as each grain or millet has a different combination of nutrients and antioxidants.

  17. Yashi says

    Can we consume himalyan salt in hypothyroidism on regular basis. Does it help in weight loss.

    1. Shobha Shastry says

      Hi Yashi,

      Himalayan salt has iodine which is essential for thyroid function. When thyroid levels are under control, weight loss happens. Other than that, there is no other association between Himalayan salt and weight loss.

      Hope this answer was useful! Keep following our blog for more such information.

  18. uma says

    what food to eat to a hypothyroid patient…can i have peanuts as a snacks in office

    1. Shobha Shastry says

      Hi Uma,

      Peanuts contain goitrogens however roasted peanuts can be had once a week (about 30 grams). Hope this helps.

  19. durga says

    one can eat millet foods if they have thyroid??

    1. Shobha Shastry says

      Hi Durga,

      Yes, you can eat millets as part of the balanced diet. Millets have many health benefits and add to the diversity of the meals. Make sure to eat enough iodine rich foods and use iodized salt while cooking. Millets can add to the thyroid problem only in individuals with iodine deficiency. As mentioned, goitrogens in millets are deactivated when cooked or processed. Have them in moderation as part of a balanced meals.

      1. yamuna says

        hi shobha
        read your reply to Durga, i am also a hypothyroid patient taking medicine regularly, I too have the same question is there any specific millet only can be consumed

        1. mehnaz says

          Hi Yamuna,
          You can have millets as part of a balanced diet. Check if your iodine levels and thyroid hormone levels are normal. Try and incorporate different grains and millets into your meals as each grain or millet have a different combination of nutrients and antioxidants.