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Special Diabetes Quiz: How well do you know this condition?

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The World Health Organization is celebrating 7th of April 2016 as World Health Day. And this year’s theme is ‘Beat Diabetes’. Truly so, diabetes has assumed epidemic proportions with scary statistics to boot.

Diabetes causes,symptoms,prevention and care
World Health Day: Beat Diabetes. Courtesy World Health Organization.

Close to 350 million worldwide are afflicted with this silent disease and this number is set to double in the next 20 years.

Diabetes was responsible for 1.5 million deaths in 2012. Around 80% of the deaths occur in middle and lower-income countries.

Almost 90% of the people have type 2 diabetes. The incidence of this type of diabetes among children has increased tremendously.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition in which the blood glucose or blood sugar levels are higher than the normal level. Our food is ultimately broken down into glucose. Consider our body like a car. Glucose is the petrol required for energy. The key to ignition is the hormone insulin, which helps in pushing glucose within every body cell for energy. What will happen if the car key doesn’t ignite the engine? Well, this is one such condition characterized by an excess of glucose but not enough insulin for utilization.

So how well do you know this demon terrorizing India? We have a small quiz for you to undertake. Be honest and answer these 6 questions.

Question #1: Obesity could increase the risk of diabetes

Being overweight and obese are key risk factors for diabetes. The likelihood of developing diabetes increases manifold with increasing weight and BMI.

Question #2: Risk of children getting diabetes goes higher if parents have it.

The answer is true. Children of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk of having diabetes.  

Question #3: Type 1 diabetes can be managed completely with diet control

 

The answer is false. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition wherein the pancreas doesn't produce or produce very little of the hormone insulin. Although diet control would help, people with type 1 diabetes are dependent on insulin doses.

Question #4: Diabetes can damage kidneys and cause blindness

The answer is true. Diabetes is a leading cause of retinopathy leading to blindness and even nephropathy. Hence, management of long-term diabetes is very important.   

Question #5: What is the normal fasting blood sugar range?

 

The normal fasting blood sugar levels 70 to 100 mg/dl.

Question #6: A diet consisting of whole grains, colourful fruits, vegetables, and physical activity helps keep blood glucose levels under control

The answer is true. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables provide important nutrients such as fibre, vitamins, and minerals that could help in managing blood sugars. Regular physical activity can have the same effect.

Additional read: Top 10 foods that help prevent diabetes.

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