Why Do Women Get PCOS, Symptoms of PCOS and Signs Of This Ailment?
PCOS is a common problem faced by most of the women these days. The manifestation of this disorder is infrequent or irregular periods, excessive bleeding and an excess of androgenic hormones are symptoms of PCOS.
Table of Contents
- PCOS Causes
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Treatments
- How To Cure PCOS Permanently
- PCOS Solution
- PCOS Symptoms
- How IS PCOS Diagnosed
Almost 6.5-8% of the women population are suffering from PCOS and there could be many reasons associated with the breakout of this disease.
The etiology of this disorder is not clear, however, there are many factors like stress, obesity, family history and a sedentary lifestyle that could be the reason for developing PCOS. Common PCOS causes are:
- Excess amount of weight gain
- Lifestyle habits and
- Insulin resistance and inflammation
Persons suffering from this ailment are not responsive to insulin secreted in the body. The pancreas is not able to function in the normal fashion and becomes resistant to insulin production.
Your body cannot utilise insulin effectively, resulting in more production of insulin. As a result, there is over-production of insulin than the normal level which could lead to Type 2 Diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance.
This also brings about higher incidence to:
It is seen that PCOS is likely to occur in women with the disorder running in their families for generations.
The progeny of PCOS affected women have a 50 % higher susceptibility to the disorder comparatively than other individuals.
PCOS is more prone to occur in women who have a nearly familial connection impacted by this disorder.
Women get PCOS as they undergo a lot of hormonal changes during the transition from adolescence to womanhood. Some of these hormonal changes are responsible for the onset of this disease.
Sudden hormonal imbalance in the body also leads to excessive weight gain.
These hormonal alterations result in a burst of male androgens.
It is observed that most of the women who have PCOS are either overweight or obese and hence, excess body weight has been linked to PCOS.
Poly-cystic Ovary Syndrome Treatments
Although there is no sure shot PCOS treatment available, there are a number of ways to manage this medical condition when clinically diagnosed.
Some clinical intervention is helpful to fight the disease. Of course, there should be some immediate alteration made in the daily routine of an individual that could help in combatting the disease.
The mode of PCOS treatment varies from person to person since the objective would be differently aimed towards its remediation for each.
For instance, if someone wants to get rid of excess body hair, then she would aim at treating the surplus body hair amongst all the other symptoms.
- Change in lifestyle
- Doing more physical activity
- Intake of a nutritious and balanced diet
- Taking the prescribed medication
Counselling should be provided to help deal with weight management and its implementation in a normal lifestyle.
There is no proper cure for PCOS treatment. Your doctor may recommend one or more treatment to alleviate the PCOS Symptoms.
Insulin treatment can prove helpful if you are suffering from PCOS. Administration of insulin with oral medications in your body would help it to utilise insulin more effectively, thus lowering down the insulin levels. Click here to know more
1. Hormonal birth Control Pills
Intake of birth control pills can address the situation to a great extent by regulating your ovulation cycle.
These medications will be aimed to decrease your testosterone levels which will increase your chance of getting pregnant. It can also reduce your body hair growth and the problem of acne and pimples.
Hormonal birth control pills combine estrogen and progestin which regulates the levels of estrogen in the body. This combination can be used in the form of pills, a skin patch or a suppository can help restore your regular menstrual cycle.
2. Anti- Androgen Medication
Anti-androgen medication helps in reducing your male hormones. Thus, it assists in the disappearance of your acne and lowering your hair growth on face and body. Spironolactone is the most widely used anti-androgen drug.
3. Diabetic Medication
Diabetic medicines like Metformin and Glucophage plummets your insulin levels and regulates the ovulation cycle.
4. Fertility Drugs
These drugs can aid in the trigger of your ovulation cycle to occur regularly so that you can become pregnant.
How To Cure PCOS Permanently
If you are suffering from PCOS and want to get cured of it, you need to follow a very strict diet regimen coupled with physical exercise to keep the disease at bay.
A blend of proper nutritious and healthy meal and regular exercise can help in tackling the PCOS syndrome successfully.
Physical activities can help in shedding off those extra kilos that are curbing you from getting pregnant. Weight loss management can actually facilitate you to conceive without any complication.
Laparoscopic Ovarian Drilling Procedure:
This is an invasive treatment for treating Symptoms of PCOS. If you have tried all the above-mentioned medication for treating PCOS symptoms but have still not succeeded in eliminating it, this could be your last resort as this procedure definitely helps.
The doctor uses a tiny laparoscope to make small incisions on the section of your ovary where testosterone is produced. With the help of a small current, these sections are then scraped off and the damaged tissue is taken care of.
Over a period of time, the amount of testosterone secretion gradually reduces and the normal ovulation cycle might take place.
PCOS Problem Solution
PCOS is a multitude of symptoms that could wreak havoc on the life of any woman. It deprives you not only of a normal healthy lifestyle but could also incapacitate a woman of her potency if she wishes to conceive.
Such are the deleterious effects of this PCOS that are not only alarming but also damaging in the long run.
It is important to discuss with your health provider if you have tested positive for any of the diagnostic tests. You should work out a plan with your doctor that aims to achieve the desired results.
1. Cutting down on Your Calories
You should always watch out the proportion of the calories you are consuming if you have PCOS.
Eating in the right amount and adequate proportion is very crucial to successfully fight off your PCOS symptoms. Lowering your insulin levels will help in regulating your menstrual cycle and getting them on time.
Changes in lifestyle could also be beneficial in relieving of your Symptoms of PCOS.
A rigorous approach is required for the treatment of PCOS. A shift in 5%−10% of body weight can ameliorate the overweight status and regulate the menstrual cycle at proper intermittent intervals.
2. Eating the Right Quantity
It is true that what you eat, reflects on your body’s mechanism and functioning. The solution is eating in the right quantity and in moderation for someone with PCOD problem.
If you are putting up with PCOS, you need to monitor your food regime closely and follow a healthy diet plan.
A nutritious and healthy meal should comprise of lean proteins, high fibers, and a moderate amount of carbohydrates. You should not stuff yourself with high starch containing foods as it will only contribute to your weight gain.
3. Exercise regularly
Exercise combined with a right dietary plan will facilitate in getting rid of the extra kilos that can help in shedding off the Symptoms of PCOS induced weight gain. Integrating physical activity into your daily activities will not only increase your fitness and physical strength but also assist in burning the calories.
High-intensity exercises like jogging, burpees and cardio exercises should be incorporated into your physical training. While you are embracing a healthy way towards living life, make sure you are enjoying whatever you do be it exercising, or eating because a stress-free life will ensure the correct functioning of your hormones.
4. Carry out core strengthening exercises
Core strengthening exercises aid in toning down your muscles and at the same time boosts up your physical strength and vigour.
Try to do core strengthening exercises like Pilates and squats that focus on rebuilding your physique against all the odds encountered from any disease or health threats.
Augmenting your muscle tissue with a power-packed exercise will help in the fortification of the body’s core mechanism.
5. Team up with a partner
Studies have demonstrated the success rate of weight loss routines when accompanied by a friend. It encourages you to remain compliant to the exercise routine and stay motivated.
6. Keep a record of your daily progress
Be realistic about the goals you can pursue in the time duration. Do not thwart an expectation that is not at all possible to be met by all standards.
So you should follow a pragmatic approach when you are trying to get rid of the PCOS problem. Also, a daily note of your physical activity and the diet followed will help in tracking down your progress made so far.
7. Dealing with PCOS through your healthcare provider
When you get to discover that you have developed PCOS, it becomes difficult to come to terms with the fact that it does not have a proper treatment available.
Management of PCOD problem can be done by talking to your health provider and getting all the necessary information about it. It can be controlled by following the adequate steps and complying with the medication as prescribed by the doctor.
You can also take suggestions from a nutritionist or dietician who can give you tips on the diet to be followed that can help regulate the insulin levels.
Seeking advice from a dietician can provide you with the detailed list of the foods to be consumed in order to control the disorder.
8. Read on the prevailing medical condition
Acquiring all the necessary information about the disorder and its underlying causes can help you understand the care and caution to be taken to manage the condition. You can accomplish it by reading all the material available online on the websites.
9. Assemble a cooperation group
Formation of a group is immensely helpful in taking off the sheer amount of pressure from you to deal with PCOS problem. Talking it out with our family, relatives and friends can offer you the support and cooperation you could be looking for.
You can also share the experiences with your acquaintances and seek advice from the people who have already surpassed this condition.
The PCOD problem can be overcome if you try to eliminate all those factors that could risk you closer to it and the solution to this lies, in adopting a healthy lifestyle free from stress.
Polycystic Ovarian Dysfunction or Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome, commonly known as PCOD or PCOS, is characterised by various clinical changes observed in women affected by it.
The common Symptoms of PCOS occurring in the affected females are
- inconsistency in menstrual cycles
- excessive body hair (hirsutism),
- hair loss or bald patch
- dryness of skin and
- eruption of acne or pimples
These clinical features or changes is an indication of the underlying disease that is often called a syndrome when PCOS is accompanied by several other symptoms and signs.
The onset of this syndrome is triggered by bodily changes or change in physical appearance that could be genetic or phenotypic and sometimes, it could be an idiopathic disorder meaning there is no definite cause for the occurrence of PCOS.
PCOS results in enlargement of your ovaries. In PCOS women, the ovaries get surrounded by small fluid-filled sacs called cysts. These cysts keep on multiplying as the eggs are not able to get released at proper intervals owing to irregular periods.
In females, there is a regular ovulation cycle that takes place every month. The female reproductive system comprises of a set of ovaries surrounded by a pair of Fallopian tubes, a uterus and a vagina.
Your ovaries are the source to provide a lifelong supply of eggs. These eggs are young and not fully formed inside the tiny fluid, filled sacs called follicles.
Your pituitary gland, situated inside the brain regulates the functioning of the ovaries through female hormones such as the Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and the Luteinizing Hormone (LH). As the FSH and LH are secreted in the circulating blood, the eggs start growing and developing leading to expansion of the follicles.
The Luteinising Hormone and the Follicular Stimulating Hormone are responsible for the maturation of the eggs inside the follicles.
After the eggs get maturated, the follicles release estrogen which is the main reproductive hormone. The estrogen hormone now sends a message to the pituitary gland to secrete LH.
Now your pituitary gland would release significant amounts of LH in the bloodstream. When your LH reaches a certain level, the most mature follicles are directed by the LH to release the matured egg.
This released egg descends the fallopian tube and is now ready to be fertilised. The remaining eggs in the immature follicles get dissolved.
In case, the egg is not fertilised, it is shed in the next menstrual month accompanied with the shedding of the endometrial lining (lining of the uterus).
In PCOS, your body releases unusually high amounts of LH which do not allow the follicles to mature and consequently, the egg is not released. A few of these immature follicles do not dissolve and end up developing into cysts. Instead, these follicular cysts keep proliferating inside the ovaries.
When there is a surplus of LH hormone and the androgenic hormone, the entire cycle gets disrupted and the follicular cysts do not dissolve in the blood. As a result, the eggs do not mature and are not discharged from the ovaries. PCOS causes infertility as the ovulation cycle does not occur.
Excess of your insulin and LH hormone leads to the production of a male hormone known as testosterone. There is a surge in the levels of your testosterone brought about by the interruption of the regular ovulation cycle.
Inconsistency in periods can lead to infertility problem posed by PCOS.
How is PCOS diagnosed
There are various measures for the diagnosis of the PCOS. If you are suspecting of PCOS and have a strong sense of having developed it, you can get it diagnosed through simple steps.
You need to visit a diagnostic clinic and tell the doctor about your suspects. The doctor would explain to you how is PCOS diagnosed with the inferences obtained from the results.
A pelvic exam performed by your doctor can detect the PCOS symptoms. Your doctor will look for any sort of outgrowths or cysts encircling the ovaries. This exam is performed by wearing hand gloves and manually checking the site.
Conduction of a Blood test is a confirmatory method to check for your Symptoms of PCOS. Blood tests are run to examine your blood sugars in the body. It also checks the levels of testosterone hormone which could be interfering with the ovulation cycle.
Blood testing can also help in determining your cholesterol and triglyceride levels that weigh up your risks of cardiovascular diseases.
An ultrasound scan is an imaging technique that is useful for the detection of PCOS symptoms. Your doctor examines the shape and appearance of your ovaries and looks for any abnormalities outlining your uterus.
The whole analysis is done by the insertion of a device that penetrates through the skin of your vaginal opening. This device emanates sound waves which are then modified to produce the images on a computer screen. The transcribed image is deduced for the evaluation of outgrowths or cysts.
Key Points To Remember:
- PCOS is the most common type of endocrine disorder occurring in women.
- It has a wide range of signs or symptoms appearing in the affected individuals such as inconsistent periods, heavy bleeding, loss of hair, hair growth on the face or other parts of the body
- It is characterised by insulin resistance, obesity or excessive body weight gain, dyslipidaemia, obstructive sleep apnea.